Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Original Article

The prevalence of ear nose throat diseases in primary schools in Ankara

1.

Ankara Numune Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi 4. KBB Kliniği, Ankara

Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2010; 48: 1-6
DOI: 10.2399/tao.05.056
Read: 275 Downloads: 115 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Ear Nose Throat (ENT) diseases in two primary schools in Ankara with different socioeconomic levels.

 

Methods: The study was conducted on 484 children, 243 males and 241 females, attending two primary schools in Ankara, one in the city-center and one in the village, in April and May 2004. First, the families filled a questionnaire then children had otorhinolaryngological examination.

 

Results: In both primary schools, children who were breastfed for 6 months or more had significantly fewer attacks of acute otitis media, upper respiratory tract infections and acute tonsillitis when compared to children who were not breastfed. Children who exposed to cigarette smoke had significantly more

attacks of acute otitis media, upper respiratory tract infections and acute tonsillitis when compared to the children who did not expose to cigarette smoke. According to the questionnaire filled by the parents before the otorhinolaryngological examination, no significant difference was found for upper respiratory tract infections and acute tonsillitis attacks between the children in the city-center and in the village. A significant difference was found with regard to breastfeeding, presence of a room belonging to the child, smoking near the child and way of heating of the home between the schools in the city-center and the village.

 

Conclusion: We concluded that breastfeeding decreased the prevalence of otorhinolaryngological disorders while passive smoking increased this prevalence. Socioeconomic level did not affect the prevalence of otorhinolaryngological disorders.

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ISSN2667-7466 EISSN 2667-7474