Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Original Article

Retrospective Analysis of Surgically Managed Maxillofacial Fractures in Kayseri Training and Research Hospital

1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey

Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2016; 54: 5-9
DOI: 10.5152/tao.2016.1501
Read: 256 Downloads: 107 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the clinical and surgical data of patients with maxillofacial fracture (MFF) who were surgically treated at the Department of ENT and Head Neck Surgery in the Kayseri Training and Research Hospital and to compare and discuss the results with relevant literature, including that from Turkey.

 

Methods: Data concerning the age, gender, etiology, type and site of injury, treatment modality, and postoperative complications were collected and analyzed from medical records of patients who underwent maxillofacial surgery for MFF at the Department of ENT and Head Neck Surgery in the Kayseri Training and Research Hospital between January 2013 and March 2015.

 

Results: A total of 35 patients were surgically treated because of MFF between January 2013 and March 2015. Of the 35 patients, 28 (80%) were male, whereas seven (20%) were female. Traffic accidents (40%) were the most frequent cause of MFFs. Mandibular fractures (49.1%) were the most common fractures, followed by zygomatic fractures (31.6%). Surgical management of MFFs was performed via closed reduction (17.5%) and/or open reduction with internal fixation by miniplates (82.5%). A total of five complications were observed in the present study: malunion (n=2), removal of fixation plate because of infection (n=2), and permanent infraorbital nerve injury (n=1).

 

Conclusion: Based on the experience from the close proximity of the area, we think that surgeries for MFFs should be in the surgical repertoire of ENT surgeons.

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ISSN2667-7466 EISSN 2667-7474